Prediabetes And Your Vision: Know The Facts
More than 29 million people in the United States are living with diabetes. 86 million Americans—more than one out of three—have pre-diabetes, and vision problems are one of the foremost complications accompanying this disease.
It is important to know what those problems are and, most importantly, how you can delay diabetes from taking hold.
Diabetes And Its Impact On Vision
Currently, diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in adults. The most common eye diseases caused by diabetes are retinopathy, glaucoma and cataracts. Here are the facts:
- Diabetic retinopathy accounts for 12 percent of all new cases of blindness in the U.S.
- Once a person is diagnosed with diabetes, they are 40 percent more likely to develop glaucoma.
- A person with diabetes is 60 percent more likely to develop cataracts.
What Is Pre-diabetes?
Pre-diabetes is a condition in which a person’s blood glucose levels are higher than normal but aren’t yet high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes.
Studies show that nearly eight percent of people develop diabetic retinopathy during the pre-diabetic stage, before they have been officially diagnosed with diabetes. Blurred vision is also a prominent symptom of pre-diabetes. If you are experiencing vision changes, get your blood sugar levels tested, as many people with pre-diabetes are already suffering complications from diabetes.
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(Statistics in the video are from 2010 studies.)
What Can You Do?
Diet and lifestyle changes can delay, if not entirely prevent diabetes from fully taking hold—especially during the pre-diabetic phase. Here are some things you can do to slow the onset of diabetes:
- Eat healthy foods. Increase fruit and vegetable intake and decrease fat and calorie intake.
- Incorporate physical activity into your daily routine. Exercise helps muscle cells use blood glucose for energy by making the cells more sensitive to insulin.
- Maintain a healthy weight. Even if you only lose five to seven percent of your weight, you can prevent or delay diabetes by 60 percent.
These simple lifestyle changes can delay the diagnosis of diabetes by three to 10 years!
Help Us Promote A Healthy Lifestyle
Without making changes to improve their health, 15 to 30 percent of pre-diabetics will develop type 2 diabetes within five years. It is more than just your eye health that concerns us. As your trusted optometry practice, Vision Health Institute cares about every aspect of your health. By raising awareness about pre-diabetes and diabetes, we can encourage each other to promote healthy lifestyles that will help protect us and our loved ones from the damaging effects of this disease.
If you are pre-diabetic, be sure to have your vision tested regularly. Call 407-893-6222 or schedule an eye exam today.